Tag Archives: Mutes

ITF 2014 – Rochester, NY

The International Trombone Festival was held at the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, NY this year and I had the good fortune to be able to attend and perform. The festival was packed with events (literally; at times there were as many as five things happening at once) leaving an attendee with a dilemma regarding which to attend. I did my best to catch as much as possible but try as I might I eventually became overwhelmed and needed to catch a breather for a time. What I did see left me inspired, motivated and intrigued. I’ve compiled some of my notes from the event.

First let me thank Newell Sheridan, of Sheridan Brass, for helping make Novus’s appearance at the ITF possible. Check out his website to get a sense of the type of businessman he is, kind of refreshing to see. He stocks only Shires Trombones and his own creation the “Get-a-Grip” hand brace, a very useful tool.

Wednesday June 4

I arrived a bit on the late side and made a bee-line for Abbie Conant‘s performance. I’ve seen her perform once before (in 1998 at Mannes) and her control, endurance, musicianship and creativity made a lasting impression. I was excited to see her again. She performed Street Scene for the Last Mad Soprano, a theatrical work in which her trombone playing is minimalized (but astounding) and her singing and acting ability are brought to the fore.

You can get the concept of the work from the program above. The work is about fifty minutes long and without consistent meter and tonality. Ms. Conant picked pitches out of time and range with ease (check the score to see what she memorized). The musical effect is astounding. It’s a true testament to her musical ability on the trombone and off.

That evening I caught the first half of the Great Lakes Trombone Ensemble performance. Excellent playing, standard repertoire. Took my leave at intermission to work with Mike Selover on the music for our performance on Saturday.

Thursday June 5

Began the day with a warmup on my own and a conversation with Bruce Lee of Facet Mutes. Have to say, those mutes were great. Absolutely great. I’ve written about response problems on other mutes, The Facet Mutes had none of the normal issues. Low to high register they were extremely consistent. I’m confident in recommending them to anyone.

Facet Mute

Matt Guilford‘s presentation “Size Matters, but It’s the Little Things That Show How Big You Are!” was next. Matt began his talk with a dramatic reading from Berlioz’s orchestration book, naturally the section regarding the trombone. He then showed how he had notated the text like a musical score with articulations and dynamics.

Sorry for the poor quality.

Sorry for the poor quality.

He spoke about how in his (sizable) teaching and playing experience everyone is looking for a “bigger” sound… but these people generally find a good sound and need to start thinking about the “little” things… like articulations and dynamics. He mentioned the value of life experience and how there’s no substitute or way to gain it without living it. He played the opening of the Hindemith Sonata as an example of a piece without expression markings, the Grøndahl Concerto as an example of a piece with lots of markings and the Saint-Saëns Cavatine  as an example of a piece with some markings.

The next thing I caught was Ken Thompkins recital. Damn. Ken demonstrated some incredibly controlled, nuanced playing on some varied and difficult repertoire. His performance was in the gigantic Kodak Theater not the easiest space in which to play solo but he did so to great success.

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That was it for the day for me. I spent the rest of the evening rehearsing.

Friday June 6

Friday began with the Penn State Trombone Choir and Ken Thompkins’s masterclass on practice strategies. Penn State performed music from Shostakovich’s Festive Overture arrnaged by Mark Lusk and the Verdi Requiem arranged by Brad Snyder, a student in the choir. Mark Lusk, Penn State trombone professor, gave the ensemble empty folders at the beginning of the school year and informed the students that any music they would play that year would be written, arranged or transcribed by them. This piece was a result of that project.  Brad arranged the trombone choir in three groups, the largest served as the vocal choir, the orchestra was represented by six trombonists and the vocal solo parts were done by four trombone players.

Ken’s class was on practicing efficiently for success. He stressed organization: use a notebook (note “where you were” and “where you left things”), use a recording device, have all your tools ready to go (metronome, tuner, etc); consistency: practice several hours a day (4 hours plus) in forty-five to sixty minute chunks that include breaks; focus: put aside other things in your life (this can be difficult); slow and steady: approach the music realistically and slowly (look at it first, hear it in your head; going slowly will allow you to begin without bad habits); mental attitude: accept that everyone makes mistakes, that struggle is a sign of growth and development and be sure to acknowledge your successes; have fun: be sure to include something you enjoy in your practice; efficient: you can accomplish quite a bit in three twenty minute sessions (fundamentals, sections of an etude or solo)…

There was a wealth of great material but I ran out at the very end to catch some of John Kenny‘s masterclass. IMG_20140619_181431

I got there in time to hear John talk about multiphonics and split tones. He talked about the difference between vocal ranges for men and women and how composers should take that into account when writing multiphonics. As for split tones he talked about “finding the click between two harmonics.” He demonstrated by slurring from B flat down to F and stopping when he had both tones simultaneously. One thing he said resonated especially with me: in reference to split tones and strange things in general he said the twentieth century was about “observing things that are not desired and making them desirable.” Seemed pretty dead on to me.

I caught John Kenny’s recital after lunch.

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Followed by part of Jörgen van Rijen‘s.

Screen shot 2014-06-19 at 6.22.24 PMWhat I saw of Jörgen’s performance was fantastic. Like Abbie Conant I had heard him play years ago (at the ITF in Utrecht in 2000) and was floored. His performance here was just as impressive. It’s great to see and hear someone with fantastic musicality and an interest in doing things outside the traditional repertoire.

That evening I rehearsed with the Cramer Choir and got ready for the long day to come.

Saturday June 6

Saturday started with the Cramer Choir led by Jeannie Little. It was truly one of the highlights of my musical career. The group (which is always comprised of trombone professors) this year was made of students of John Marcellus who teach at colleges and universities. It was a stellar group that included:

Screen shot 2014-06-19 at 6.37.08 PMWe performed music by Franck and Vollrath and a new work by Kim Scharnberg that was written to celebrate John Marcellus’s career at the Eastman School of Music. For Kim’s piece I did a rendition of the Pledge of Allegiance through the trombone a la Robert Erickson’s General Speech. We finished the concert with the current Eastman students who are graduating with a performance of Ralph Sauer’s new arrangement of the Adagio from Saint-Saëns’s Third Symphony conducted by John Marcellus. Doc was in prime form and his musicality transferred to the ensemble. There were tears. I really hope someone recorded that.

Then came the concert with Novus. We prepared a fifty minute performance with brand new and not-too-old repertoire.

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Our performance may have been the only not double-booked for the festival and we had a great audience. Thanks to all who attended. I truly hoped you enjoyed it.

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The final concert of the festival was that evening and featured Bret Baker, Ian Bousfield, Matthew Guilford and Jim Pugh performing with the Eastman Wind Ensemble.

Sunday June 7

That wasn’t the end of the trombones. Sunday morning I headed to Riverside Cemetery with about twenty others to pay respects to Emory Remington. In an event organized by Ralph Sauer and Gordon Cherry, trombonists gathered, warmed up, listened to Ralph play the Sarabande from the fifth Bach Cello Suite, played O Sacred Head and the Adagio from Saint-Saëns Third Symphony and listened to stories about “the Chief.” It was an indescribably powerful event, one that I feel fortunate to have participated in. Gordon spoke of Remington’s lasting contribution to creating the trombone “community.” The ITF was definitely an extension of that. The people I met and old acquaintances I reconnected with made the week truly special.

I can’t put into words all that I experienced at the festival but hopefully what I can share is useful to the community.

Mute Care

This past week I performed the second movement of the Castérède Sonatine. While preparing I came across an issue: my new cup mute didn’t “have” a low G. The issue being that in the final, muted section of the movement, there’s a scalar passage that goes down to that note. So, I did what trombonists have been doing for decades, I drilled a hole in the mute. I think I picked up the skill from David Waters at Rice University but I know I had seen it around for a long time before then. I remember wondering why others had done it. There are a lot of techniques we pick up through the years without having been formally “taught.” Here are a few tips for taking care of mutes that generally fall in that category.

Mute Response Issue

I’ll start with the response predicament. I spoke to Dr. Hans Pfister, a physics professor at Dickinson College, about why it happens. From what I can tell it has a lot to do with (P=P(t)=P_0*sin(omega*t)). Which to me means “????” (Actually, through the power of Google I learned that is the Acoustic Wave Equation and I believe Dr. Pfister is saying something along the lines of “the closed space in the mute doesn’t allow the acoustic wave to fully form; putting a hole in the mute gives more space for the air molecules to move and allows the wave to form. This is why the problem doesn’t exist in the upper register, the smaller waves have enough room.”) There are two questions that come to mind: 1) Why doesn’t Humes & Berg just make the mute with a hole in it? My best guess: it does change the sound slightly. And 2) Why use the mute if it has the problem? To which I answer: I like the sound.

I put together a video demonstrating the problem and the solution:

Cork Replacement

As things would have it, my good buddy Mike Selover borrowed that same mute just a day before my performance and managed to break one of the corks.

Broken Cup Cork

What to do? In this case the solution was pretty easy. Since I still had the bit of cork that was missing all I had to do was glue it back into place. I’ve heard of people using everything from a hot glue gun to epoxy. Loctite has worked for me in the past so I went that route.

Fixed cork

If I didn’t have the cork there are a couple options: replacement corks from Ferree’s or the mute manufacturer (which can sometimes be difficult to track down), buy a piece of cork board and cut out a piece to size (pricier but you’ll have cork for a few years worth of repairs), weather stripping (I’ve seen people use this in the past with various results though I’ve never tried it myself), or an old mouse pad (I’ve heard of people using this but again, have never tried it). The weather stripping and mouse pad apparently have the benefit of super-friction but using them also makes it more difficult to take the mute out (so I hear).

Mute Won’t Fit

Changing the cork size will affect the fit of the mute and sometimes the sound. If the corks are too big you’ll want to file them down. You’ll need a file that’s not too rough and preferably flat, though my guess is you can probably make most anything work with enough patience. Here’s what I use:

File

I have an Ion Balu wooden straight mute that came with pretty large corks. So large, in fact, that the mute wouldn’t fit properly. The corks are also interesting because they are in three sections. The outer layer appears to be stitched on:

Big cork

With just a little filing I got them down to a good size. The mute now fits and sounds pretty good.

Filed cork

If the corks were too small? I’d try either layering cork until I get to the right size or remove the current corks and replace with larger ones.

Individual Mute Bags

I’ve probably taken mute care too far with this… I’ve made bags for my mutes to save them from bumping into one another and getting scratched up when traveling. It’s completely a cosmetic thing but hey, I don’t want them all to end up like this:Busted harmon

That’s why they have these:

Mute bag